HERTFORDSHIRE

Abbot's Langley Anstey Ardeley Barkway Benington Flamstead    Great   Hormead Radwell St Albans Standon 
Watton-at-Stone   Willian                 
 
Abbots Langley - St Lawrence

Dame Anne Raymond (1714)

Note the three grandchildren in cradles.


 2nd Lord Raymond (1756),
by P Scheenmakers


1st Lord Raymond (1732)
, designed by Westby Gill; executed by by Cheere



A. G. Armstrong
by T. Armstrong
Anstey - St George



The canopy above the recess is c. 1300; note the woman's head below the arch. Thr effigy which does not belong is said to be that of Sir Richard de Anestie.
Ardeley - St Lawrence
Top left: Sir Henry Chauncy (1719) Sergeant-at-Law & Recorder of Hertford. Author of The Historical Antiquities of Herfordshire (1700) Buried in the chancel. Monument erected 1913
All others: Note the baby lying on the ledge below the main figure. Attributed to Edward Stanton. 'Neare this place lyes interred ye body of Mary Markham wife of Robert Markham of Greys-In Esq. Daughter  of William Peerson of Yardley &amp Frances his wife, who had issue one sonn deceased, she dyed in the foure and twentieth yeare of her age Febr 19th 1673'
Barkway
 St Mary Magdelene
Thomas Talbot Gorsuch (1820) (left and centre) & James Andrews (1796) (right and centre). Epitaphs by P Chenu. Friends who each left interest on £300 to the poor. Hon Sir John Jennings (1743) by J M Rysbrack. (signed) Rear Admiral, Governor of the Royal Hospital, Ranger of the Park at Greenwich, MP etc. 'George Jennings Esq, his only son by Alice daughter of Francis Bacon Esq of Wallington,hath caused this monument to be erected...' Rt Hon Lady Susan Clinton (1829), wife of Lt Gen Sir Henry Clinton.
Benington - St Peter
John de Benstede John de Benstede & Edward de Benstede Joan (Joanne) Benstede



Edward de Benstede (1432)
Joan can just be seen behind
John de Benestede (1359) & Petronilla Moyne (1378)
Flamstead - Saint Leonard
Church open
Park in road outside
O/S Ref: TL 079 146
Double tomb with stone effigies. Note the gablet. c. 1420 .
 
Far left: A bird's eye view of the double medieval tomb showing positions of the hands and structure of gablet
Left: S
ir Batholomew Fouke (1604) Alabaster and marble
Above:
Sir Edward Sebright by Flaxman (1782) Hope and Faith recline by urn
The Saunders Children.  Black and white monument erected c. 1690. Five deceased children kneel on the ledge while the sixth surviving child kneels on the floor. By William Stanton
The higher inscription is in Latin and gives the names of the children but not the dates, viz. Thomas, Robert, Helena, Helen and John; the surviving child was Anne. They were the children of Thomas and Helen Saunders. Two putti support the ledge and a winged cherub holds a draped black 'cloth' with an inscription in English.
Unfortunately the church was undergoing restoration when I visited so I was not able to gain access to the brasses nor take the photograph of the Saunders Children monument from a better angle

Great Hormead StNicholas
Betty Romer (1916)
Radwell - All Saints
Mary Plomer (1605) Monument and details: note the skull and hour glass.
Sir William Plomer (c. 1625) This monument - together with the brass of William Wheteaker - were stolen in 2000 but recovered the following year. John Parker (1595) Member of the Inner Temple. Also his wife Mary (1574) and un-named son kneel with him. This son may be John, husband of Elizabeth Parker on a brass here, who died in 1602.
St Alban's Cathedral
St Alban's is a Cathedral of the Modern Foundation. Before the Reformation it was a Benedictine Abbey (and is often referred to as St Alban's Abbey), then a parish church; it was given cathedral status in 1878

Chantry Chapels & Shrines       
 
Above then left to right:
Chapel of Abbot Wallingford (1484)
Chapel of Abbot Ramryge (1519)
Shrine of St Alban c. 1302-08. Destroyed at Dissolution; its 2,000 found 1872 and reconstructed. Purbeck
Shrine of St Amphibalus Clunch mid 14th century; only base remains. Reconstructed 19th century.
Medieval Tombs


Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (1447)
Above is a close up showing the iron grill and the entrance to the vault (grill on floor on right); then two photographs of the whole tomb with St Alban's shrine in the way; and then a view from the ambulatory.

The iron grill dates from the late 13th century. Below the floor level is a tomb chamber with the Duke's coffin; it has a wall painting of the Crucifixtion.

Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester

Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (1390-1447) was the youngest, and longest lived, brother of King Henry V, being the fourth son of Henry IV and Mary de Bohun. He was scholarly, cultured and a patron of the arts and learning. Unlike his brothers he was not naturally courageous but gained a reputation as a successful commander during his elder brother's war in France, where his knowledge of siege warfare, gained from a classical education contributed to the fall of Honfleur. He was also an effective diplomat and politician, as well as being popular with the Londoners and commoners.
On the premature death of his brother, Henry V, he claimed the regency of England but this claim was opposed by the council, especially by his uncle, Cardinal Henry Beauford, Bishop of Winchester; Gloucester therefore was only awarded the position of protector. A will discovered as late as 1978 in fact supported Duke Humphrey's claim.
He fist married a noted beauty, Jacqueline of Hainault, in 1423 but this marriage was annulled in 1428. He then married his mistress, Eleanor Cobham, in 1441; she was arrested for sorcery and heresy which led the Gloucester's retirement from public office. He was arrested on charges of treason in 1447 but died three days later, probably from natural causes although there were suspicions of murder at the time.

Tomb Chests & Niches

Apart from the chantries, shrines and Duke Humphrey's tomb St Alban's is not rich in medieval monuments; apart from the examples above there are only the following, from left to right:

1. Altar tomb with slab of Frosterely marble. On sides, indents of 3 figures, inscription and 3 shields (RCHM) No identification and used as occasional table
2. Is this the 'rough altar tomb with plain slab' (RCHM)? I expect it wasn't hidden by the radiator in 1910!
3. Two stone coffins. Note: These coffins would not have been carried, of course, but set flush into the ground and the shrouded body lowered into them; this is recorded when the contemporary chroniclers tell the gruesome tale of William the Conqueror's funeral at Caen. The coffin would then have been covered by a stone slab with various carvings in relief or incised, such as that of a cross, sword, shears, shield, helmet, lettering, effigy and other devices.
4. A tomb niche with an another unrelated stone coffin. Late 13th century. Said to be the grave of two hermits

However there is a remarkable collection of brass and brass matrices, some on the floor, often wisely covered by carpets (removable, of course) while others, often fragmentary, have been excellently mounted on the wall.

Medieval Brasses & Matrices

R. Beaver (c.1460)
Monk holding heart
  Sir Anthony Grey (1480)  
         

Medieval Effigial Brasses (& some later plates) now Wall Mounted







Unknown monks c.1440
 

Thomas Rutland (1521)
Subprior
 
Ob: Abbot William Albon (1476)
Rev:unknown lady
 
Male Civilians 1465-70
 
Batholomew & Florence Halley
(1465)
 
William & Margaret Stroder 1517
Mawde Harryes 1537
Anges Selton 1604

Post-Medieval Monuments - Tomb Chests

     
Alfred Blomfield DD (1894) Bishop of Colchester and first Suffragen Bishop of St Albans.
Above & right: Bishop T. Legh Claughton (1895).
First Bishop of St Alban's
Alabaster tomb chest with marble effigy.
Designed by
Oldrid Scott; figure by Forsyth.
 

Wall Monuments

John Thrale (1704) Christopher Rawlinson (1733)
 
by  William Woodman.
 Figure is of History
Frederica Mure (1832)
by
Chantrey 
Ptolemy James (1729) &
Charles James (1695)
 
John Gape (1701)  Robert (1689) &
Mary (1685) Nicholl 
Barbara Griffith (1773) ; added below:
Barbara onley daughter of the said Mrs Griffith dyed...1679 and lyes here likewise buried
χopher (1682@19m), Benjª (1690@6m), John (1696@27), Mary (1696@70) Chamberlaine. Relationships are incomprehensible. William King (1766) Charles (1665) and his sister Mary (1663) Maynard. And their father Charles (1665); he was buried at Euston Lt Col Fanshaw William Gostling (1874)
'a right good soldier'
Jane Nicholas (1708)
The monument records that in her will she left a legacy for the poor of the parish and to the parson to preach an annual sermon



Above, top left then clockwise:
William (1805) & Mary (1811) Coleman; Zipporah Sierra (1803), her mother and 'many relatives'; John Jones Wallus (1686) Latin script; Mary Ann Coleman (1808), daughter of above; illegible brass.
        
Right top row left to right: 1. Mary Tippet (1815) 'in the family vault of Henry Pye Rich are deposited the remains of...' 2. John (1836) & Lucretia (1836) Ried. 3. Edward (1850) & Hannah (1861) Eling. 4. John Handley (1742) surgeon & wife Elizabeth (1781): their children: John, Elizabeth & James. 5.  Rev John Payler Nicholson (1817) Headmaster of Free Grammar School, St Albans; & wife Hannah (1844)
Right bottom row left to right: 1. Henry Pye Rich (1809) 'late of of His Majesty's commissioners under the 6th article of the treaty of peace between GB and USA' 2. Edward Carter (1687) Prebendary of St Paul's London 3. Joseph Handly MD JP (1728) Many years mayor.

Busts

Rt Rev Michael Furze (1945)
Fourth Bishop of St Albans
Rt Rev John Wogan Festing (1902)
Second Bishop of St Albans
Very Rev Walter John Lawrence DD (1914)
First Dean of the Cathedral
Edmund Becket, 1st Lord Grimthorpe (1905)
Q.C. horologist and architect
Lord Grimthorpe was responsible for the rebuilding the west front, roof and transept windows of the cathedral; he work was considered out of keeping. His name has passed into the English language as the verb to grimthorpe, meaning to restore an ancient building unsympathetically.





Standon - St Mary

Sir Ralph Sadler (1587)
He began his career in the household of Thomas Cromwell. Sent by Henry VIII on several diplomatic missions to Scotland, including that to arrange the proposed marriage between Prince Edward and Mary, Queen of Scots. Before King Henry died he appointed Sadler to sit on the Council of State to govern England during the minority of Edward VI. He retired from public duty during the reign of Queen Mary but returned when Elizabeth succeeded to the throne, as the trusted colleague of Lord Burghley. He continued his missions to Scotland to treat with the Scottish Protestants. He became Mary, Queen of Scots reluctant jailer. He arrested the Duke of Norfolk during the rising of the northern earls and sat on the council that sentenced Mary to death.
Sadler married Margaret Mitchell or Barré. According to Catholic writers she was a laundress, and he had married her during the lifetime of her husband, Ralph Barré; however when this marriage took place the latter had gone abroad and was presumed dead, so this accusation seems to have been substantially correct. In 1546 a private act of parliament was passed to legitimize his children. No wife is shown on the tomb.

Sir Thomas (1606) Sadler and Gertrude Markham This Sir Thomas was the son of the above/
 

Walter, Lord Aston (1748)
He married Mary Howard (1723) sister to Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk. She died giving birth to her 121th child.
 

Watton-at-Stone - St Andrew & St Mary  
Philip (1712 age 30) & Elizabeth (1740) Boteler Sir Thomas Rumbold (1791) by Bacon
'Philip Boteler Esq only son and heir of Sir John Boteler knight by Dame Elizabeth his wife who was one of ye daughters and coheires of Sir Nicholas Gould of Dorset, who lyes interred near this place.
'This Philip had 1 sister Elizabeth whose fortune he agumented very considerably upon her marriage with Grey Neville Esq.
'He marryed Elizabeth Crane Ettricke 1 of ye 2 daughters and coheires of William Ettricke Esq but leaveing no issue, he (out of due regard to yer continuation of his name and family, which is of great antiquity in this county, by his will entayled ye antient seate and park called Woodhall...upon his cousin John Boteler Esq son of his great uncle who is now the last branch...in the male line.
'This monument was erected by his said cousin John Boteler Esq in honour of his benifactor.
'Here lies Elizabeth Neville, widow....In hopes of joyfull resurrection: what manner of person she was that day will discover'.
 
Willian - All Saints


Above: Thomas Wilson (1656) & Lucy Above: Rev John Chapman (1624) & Anne (1633) 'He was a monument before he dyde' 'A double surgeon she oft restored to health the pined wretch, as oft the poore to wealth' Above & right: Edward Lacon (1625) & Joanna (née Gray) (1624) 2nd wife of Edward Wilson
           
 
 
 
With many thanks to Jean McCreanor and aslo to Dr D & Mrs J Kelsall for many of the photographs on this page. Others taken by the Webmaster
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